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Wounds – A skin-deep look and beyond

Although most wounds are skin deep, such as scrapes or bruises, there can be other severe forms of injuries like deep cuts and puncture wounds. These may not only harm the skin but go well beyond into deeper tissue or muscle and cut into vital arteries causing blood loss through severe trauma. However, for our purposes, we will deal with some of the more common forms of injuries incurred in daily life which are non-fatal in nature.

An Intro to wounds

While most injuries are caused by accidents such as scratches, bruises, scrapes or minor cuts, animal or human bites can also attribute to wounds. Whatever may be the case the healing of wounds follows the same patterns in most cases unless hindered due to some physiological factors within the body or due to external factors in an environment.

Types of wounds

2Before describing the common types of wounds, it is important to mention that it is not necessary for all wounds to bleed. An inflamed wound where the affected and surrounding areas are inflamed may also be considered as a wound and is often the initial reaction of the skin to a trauma. With this in mind let’s take a look at some of the common types of wounds.

Superficial

cuts and abrasions – These are the most common types of cuts
that occur in daily life and can be caused due to anything ranging from a kitchen knife, to a fall on the pavement or sliding on a field and many other scenarios. The best way to deal with them is by washing the wound with clean soap and applying antibacterial ointments to help provide protection against infections.

Deeper

Lacerations – Deep lacerations or cuts are the types of wound which occur from a more severe form of trauma. These wounds usually go through the skin and into deeper tissue such as muscles or in some extreme cases into bone. First aid remedies in such situations are only administered to stop or minimize blood loss until professional help can be sought. Stitches may often be required in many cases while more severe forms of trauma may need urgent medical attention.

Puncture

Wounds – These can vary anywhere from a slight needle prick that damages superficial blood vessels to severe trauma in the cases or accidental impalement or in the case of stab wounds. As the name implies, smaller wounds need to be treated as mentioned in the superficial cuts section, while the severe cases need urgent medical attention with first aid targeted towards the minimization of blood loss. Although bites from humans and animals can be classified as puncture wounds, more often than not they are also classified along with lacerations and cuts depending on the severity.

Bed

3Sores or pressure sores – These are a different variety of wounds which are not caused by trauma. When certain areas of the body are constantly under pressure, it may cut off the blood circulation to that specific area. In such cases, the affected area develops wounds known as bed sores or pressure sores. This is fairly common among patients who are bed ridden.

It is extremely important to care for a wound properly, even if it is a light abrasion or scrape to allow it to heal properly. More severe wounds must be referred to a medical professional immediately, and the ensuing recovery process must also be handled with care and caution.